Have you ever wondered about the different wood trimmings in your home? What purpose does it serve? Or even the terminology? Accompanied by helpful photos, enlighten your knowledge about your home with this guide to the different moldings you can find throughout your abode.

Baseboards

A baseboard is the most common type of trim you will see in any home. Not only do these millwork pieces add architectural interest to your interior walls, but they are a vital aspect of protecting your walls. Baseboards cover the uneven spacing between the wall surface and the floor, meaning it protects the wall from kicks, spills, and scratches. Although its purpose is more for functional purposes rather than design, homeowners can still use baseboards as a design element in a room by painting it a stark white against a richly painted wall.

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Crown Molding

Most famous for its ability to add extra luxury to a home, crown molding is at the seam between the ceiling and the wall. Similar to baseboards, white crown molding against a richly colored wall can do wonders for the design of a room.

SimFernCrownMolding

Shoe Molding and Quarter Round Molding

Often paired with baseboards, these pieces of wood are used at the foot of baseboard to cover the space between the baseboard and the floor. The Spruce calls it “the band-aid of home remodeling” because the molding saves contractors and DIY-ers from meticulously cutting baseboards different lengths to precisely fit the profile of wavy floors. The millwork serves as an extra layer of protection, though, it also adds a crisper look to the design of the wall trimming.

SimFernQuarterRoundMolding

Chair Rail

As the name suggests, chair rails protect walls from nicks and scratches that chairs often leave behind. Most commonly used in kitchens, imagine how much more beautiful your home will be if your kids scuff the chair rails rather than the wall, which can be harder to repair.

SimFernChairRailMolding

Paneling

When you think of paneling, the notorious wood paneling that encompassed a room in the 1970s probably comes to mind. This type of millwork is more of a design element rather than a protection element. Instead of having a wall painted or decorated with wallpaper, homeowners can alternatively choose to have paneling installed. Today’s more modern paneling designs still include wood paneling, though, it’s more of an accent wall.

SimFernPaneling

Casing (or Door Trim)

Have you ever taken a close look at the woodwork around a door in your home? Hidden inside the casing is the mechanism for the door, as well as the door jamb, where the door rests when it’s closed. This type of millwork covers the gap around the outside of a door as well as the space between the door jamb and the wall. It also provides extra stability for the door opening and closing.

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